Hyperpigmentation is the term used for any uneven patches of skin, usually darker than your natural skin tone. Commonly known as dark spots or scars, hyperpigmentation can appear as a range of different shades depending on your skin tone and can be a pain to cover! Thankfully, these stubborn spots can be treated and reduced with the right skincare products.
What causes hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a result of excess melanin in the skin that is usually produced due to inflammation from a blemish or cut which causes the skin to produce more of the pigment to protect the skin from UV rays as it heals; this is why it's common in people who have had acne. Due to higher levels of melanin naturally occurring in the skin, those with darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation, as well as pregnant women due to hormones and becomes more common as we age. Naturally, sun exposure can cause more discolouration to these dark spots, so avoiding prolonged exposure and wearing a high factor SPF is key in preventing dark spots from forming.
La Roche-Posay Anthelios Ultra-Light Invisible Fluid SPF30 50ml3.9 Stars 10 Reviews£13.13
SkinCeuticals Ultra Facial UV Defense SPF50 Sunscreen Protection 30ml3.89 Stars 9 Reviews£41.00
Avène Intense Protect SPF50+ Sun Cream for Very Sensitive Skin 150ml4.64 Stars 22 Reviews£20.00
What are the best ingredients for hyperpigmentation?
High in antioxidants, Vitamin C helps to not only protect the skin to recover and protects against environmental aggressors, but also can reduce the amount of melanin produced in the skin. Known best for it's brightening benefits, Vitamin C helps to lighten dark spots and even out the skin tone all over.
A type of AHA, Glycolic acid works as an exfoliant which helps to remove dead and rough skin cells from the complexion which contributes to a more even and brighter finish. It's also known to suppress melanin production, making it an effective ingredients when it comes to reducing and preventing dark spots.
Not only useful for combatting wrinkles, Retinol is a type of Vitamin A that promotes cell turnover, helping to shed damaged skin, including dark spots, to reveal a healthier, glowing layer. The powerful ingredient reaches not only the surface layer of the skin, but deeper into the complexion, making it highly effective in reducing discoloration.
Niacinamide is another ingredient that helps to suppress melanin production, reducing dark spots. The multi-benefit ingredient also protects the skin from types of damage caused by UV rays*, helping to prevent hyperpigmentation.
*Niacinamide is not an alternative to SPF.
Naturally occurring in plants, Azelaic acid is safe to use for pregnant women who commonly suffer from hyperpigmentation due to hormone changes. The more gentle acid offers anti-inflammatory benefits and helps to reduce excess production of melanin.
A staple skincare ingredient for anyone with acne or oily skin, Salicylic acid helps to reduce sebum production which causes blemishes that can often form into hyperpigmentation in UV exposure. This exfoliating acid is also effective in shedding the dead and discoloured skin at surface level to leave you with a brighter and clearer complexion.
What are the best creams and treatments for hyperpigmentation?
2.REN Clean Skincare Overnight Glow Dark Spot Sleeping CreamClinically proven to lighten the appearance of dark spots, the REN Clean Skincare Overnight Glow Dark Spot Sleeping Cream uses a 94% naturally derived formula that works whilst you sleep. Using their unique complex, the cream targets dark spots and melanin production to even the skin tone.
3.SkinCeuticals Advanced Brightening UV Defense SPF50 MoisturiserFormulated with 2% Niacinamide and broad spectrum SPF 50, the SkinCeuticals Advanced Brightening UV Defense SPF50 Moisturiser helps to reduce existing dark spots and scarring on the skin, whilst keeping it shielded from any further hyperpigmentation. The lightweight moisturiser can be used everyday and keeps the skin supported and hydrated.
4.La Roche-Posay Pure Vitamin C10 SerumSuitable for all types of skin, the La Roche-Posay Pure Vitamin C10 Serum helps to smooth, brighten and correct hyperpigmentation. A blend of pure Vitamin C, Salicylic Acid and Hyaluronic Acid, the Serum plumps, protects and polishes away dead skin to leave the complexion looking more uniform in tone and texture.
5.CeraVe Smoothing CleanserA true must-have for those with acne-prone or oily skin, the CeraVe Smoothing Cleanser contains a 0.5% concentration of Salicylic Acid blended with Hyaluronic Acid that gentle exfoliates the skin to remove dead skin and reveal a smoother, brighter surface. Reaching deep into the pores, the cleanser removes dirt and oil build up, preventing any further blemishes from forming.
7.Kiehl's Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot SolutionDesigned specifically to treat dark spots, the Kiehl's Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution reduces discolouration and brightens the skin to promote a brighter and even finish. The solution both exfoliates and smooths to leave the skin glowing and refined and helps to prevent further discolouration.
8.Medik8 Crystal Retinal 10Enriched with Retinol, Hyaluronic Acid, Glycerin and Vitamin E, the Medik8 Crystal Retinal 10 helps to promote healthy cell turnover in the skin, restoring the complexion and helping to reveal a more youthful and even complexion. The Vitamin E in the formula keeps the skin protected from external damage, helping to prevent future hyperpigmentation.
9.Murad Vita-C Glycolic Brightening SerumDesigned to target oxidative stress, dullness and hyperpigmentation, the Murad Vita-C Glycolic Brightening Serum balances the complexion. Made with anti-oxidant rich Vitamin C and Glycolic Acid, the formula helps to suppress melanin, reducing the appearance of sun spots, age spots and discolouration.
10.Caudalie Vinoperfect Dark Spot Correcting MoisturiserUsing 97% natural ingredients, the Caudalie Vinoperfect Dark Spot Correcting Moisturiser harnesses the power of nature to combat dark spots and hyperpigmentation. The formula hydrates and corrects the skin using Hyaluronic Acid and Squalane and has a fresh aroma of Mandarin, Cucumber and Fresh Mint.