Dry skin and acne is not something which is often discussed due to the common believe that acne is a condition mainly associated with sebum production and therefore oily skin. Although this is normally the case, it is not necessarily the only type of acne that we see, and in fact, acne and dry skin is actually a common problem.
The cause of acne is slightly different when it comes to dry skin however. It is essential to understand that blemishes are associated with the health of your pores and whether or not they are getting clogged. Normally, acne will develop when a pore gets clogged up by excess oils and dirt as well as dead skin cells. In those with drier skin types, this clogging is often due to a build-up of dead skin cells alone. This is due to the way dry skin rejuvenates and matures.
Dry Skin And Acne: The Skin Cell Renewal Process
Normal skin cells take can take around 6 weeks to renew themselves. The structure of our skin is made up of layers with newer cells making their way up to the skin surface. The outer most layer (the one which we can visibly see) is known as the stratum corneum and is mostly comprised of dead skin cells which are constantly shedding.
Those with dry skin have a faster cell renewal cycle which leads to un-matured skin cells reaching the surface. Over time these start to accumulate on the surface of the skin; making your pores more prone to getting clogged. Once your pore is clogged, it will develop into a blemish.
Another reason dry skin can lead to blemishes is due to the skin barrier being compromised by using the wrong products for your skin type which can irritate it. Skin cells tend to be quite compact and are made up of mainly water and fats and have a sheet of oil over them to minimize water loss. When you overuse or use products which irritate your skin, the skin barrier gets damaged and allows water to escape, which over time results in dryness and damage. This can also allow bacteria to easily get into your skin; causing further irritation and leading to blemishes.
The Treatments Available
Before you can treat your acne, it is essential that you understand the cause of your skin being dry. Those who have dry skin naturally are actually born with this skin type, where as those who develop dry skin later on in their life are affected by dehydration, which is a skin condition. Although they look very similar, there are a few differences between the two.
Dry skin is associated with a lack of oils, whereas dehydrated skin is due to a lack of water and therefore needs different types of treatment – Hira, LF Pharmacist.
Use a cleanser which is made for normal to dry skin to remove all the makeup and dirt from your skin. The one from Caudalie is super gentle yet extremely effective. Using a cleansing aid such as a Foreo device is great for this type of skin as it helps to deeply clean out your pores without causing irritation.